MOSCOW, ($1 = 85.75 Russian rubles) — Russia has ” wake up “ its Object 279 tank, developed during the post-war world war situation to survive a nuclear explosion. It happened at the Kubinka Tank Museum, located outside the Russian capital, Moscow. It is known to be the only surviving unit in time and until now it was only an exhibition of fixed monuments. It’s not like that anymore.
In a video posted on March 29, 2022, Object 279 started the engine and began to move. Apparently, Russian engineers and restorers have managed to solve engine problems in recent years [which apparently have not been launched for decades], all the tracked parts, as well as the hull of the tank. It’s unclear how long it took restaurateurs to reach this climax.
Recently, BulgarianMilitary.com made two rankings: Top 10 super villainous projects that actually existed and Top 5 Russian weapons that failed with a ‘clap’. This tank is not present in both rankings, so we will tell you about it. It is one of many Russian developments of military weapon systems that never went into mass production.
Armament of the Object 279 tank
Object 279 was created in 1957 at the Kirov Leningrad plant. Russian engineers use the developments of this tank to create the T-10. The Object 279 weighs 66 tons and unlike the T-10, which was armed with a 122mm gun, the Object 279 is armed with a 130mm M-65 rifled gun and 24 rounds, and near the barrel is a 14.5 mm machine gun.
The tank can fire a maximum of seven shells per minute, thanks to the semi-automatic loading system. Separately, the entire weapon system has a built-in stabilizer for accurate shooting. It has an optical rangefinder and an automatic system that directs a set of optical sights, which includes not only day and night optoelectronic devices, but also an infrared searchlight.
Design of the Object 279 tank
From the video you have already noticed the radical design of the tank. If we go back to 1957 and look at Russian tanks, we will find that their design is primarily designed to deal with rough terrain, wooded terrain and bushes. That is, clumsy tanks that don’t move fast.
Object 279’s design allows it to be much more mobile and faster than its counterparts. This rule applies not only to roads but also to rough terrain. The Russians made this “breakthrough” after deciding to integrate the four sets of geese, evenly and parallel to the hull of the tank. They can also work in combination.
The Object 279 is protected by 12.5 inch thick armor. At the time, in the 1950s and 1960s, the Object 279 armor could be called “revolutionary” as it was a properly torn fully cast structure tilted at a certain angle for better protection. Separately revolutionary for the time can be called an elliptical shield around the hull, designed to fire high-explosive anti-tank [HEAT] projectiles, which do not primarily rely on kinetic penetrating force. The turret also had a HEAT shield.
Were you impressed by the unconventional hull shape? It is designed in such a way as to protect the tank from overturning in the event of a nuclear explosion. That is, the tank was designed to fight on the battlefield during a nuclear attack. The crew (4 people) was also taken into account – they had nuclear, biological and chemical weapons [NBC] protective systems.
The Object 279 is powered by a 1,000 horsepower 16-cylinder diesel engine with a top speed of 34 miles and a maximum range on a single refueling of nearly 300 km. In addition to being fast, the tank provides a ground pressure of approximately 8.5 pounds per square inch (PSI), making it perfect for navigating wet areas, soft ground, stumps, and coping in overcoming certain obstacles, such as “Czech hedgehogs”.
History of the Object 279 tank
Item 279 does not have a happy ending. Created in the 50s of the last century, only three prototypes were produced from this model of tanks, which remain the only products.
Object 279 lost the battle over the idea of the next Soviet leader, Nikita Khrushchev, during which the Soviet Union began to produce lighter tanks and disarm heavier ones. Then, in the 1960s, the T55-54/55 and T-62 appeared, along with the T-64, which is still on the battlefield today.
Khrushchev’s idea of producing tanks with missile weapons is also another nail in the Object 279’s coffin, although this Soviet idea is not going in the right direction. Thus, Object 279 loses the battle for its existence.
Why the Russians decided to restore this tank today is unclear, but its existence is an example and part of the history of the Cold War and the “enthusiastic thinking” Soviet leaders of the time for arms dominance.
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